Skip to main content
Home » Eye Care Services » Eye Disease Management » Diabetic Eye Disease

Diabetic Eye Disease

Woman with Diabetes, Happy with her eye care

I often ask my diabetic patients if this is something you deserve because, if it is, it’s something we can fix, which is great. But if it’s not, it’s a lot harder to manipulate. A high A1C from a bad diet, for example, it can fixable. Many patients don’t realize how much of an impact these levels have on vision, and it’s our hope to educate patients about the connection.

We pull up glycemic indexes & how it affects their health when their regular doctor may not tell them anything about what happens. – Dr. Jeffrey Brown

Diabetes is associated with several eye health issues including cataracts and glaucoma, but the most well known diabetic eye disease is diabetic retinopathy.

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is an eye disease that only affects diabetics. It occurs when the fragile vascular network that supplies the retina – the light sensitive tissue at the back of the eye that helps us see – begins to swell or leak. During the beginning stages of the disease, there may be no noticeable symptoms, so it’s important to have your eyes checked at least once a year, if you have diabetes.

Once symptoms of diabetic retinopathy do develop, they can include: dark or black spots in your visual field, or blurry vision, and it increases over time. This is a result of bleeding at the back of the eye, which prevents a clear image from being transmitted from the retina to the brain.

Whether you have type 1, type 2, or even just gestational diabetes, you are at risk for developing diabetic retinopathy. The longer you have had the disease, the greater the risk. It is essential to keep your blood sugar levels under control to prevent vision loss, and this may require a trip back to your primary care physician.

Treating diabetic retinopathy can include vitrectomy, replacing the inner gel-like substance that supports the eyeball structure, and laser surgery.

Special thanks to the EyeGlass Guide, for informational material that aided in the creation of this website.